It is essential to acknowledge that a misalignment of teeth and jaw can be effectively treated regardless of one’s age. Nowadays, an increasing number of adults are actively pursuing treatment to rectify issues such as crooked teeth or jaw problems that have persisted since childhood. Additionally, they seek to address the shifting of teeth over time caused by extractions, habits, or abnormal bite patterns. Although a clinical examination can identify malocclusions, a thorough assessment is necessary to establish a complete diagnosis and develop an optimal treatment plan.
Malocclusions generally fall into three main types, categorized based on the disparities in alignment and bite. These discrepancies may arise from dental alignment issues, skeletal jaw disharmonies, or a combination of both.
1. Class I malocclusion: This is the most prevalent type and is characterized by a normal bite but with issues regarding tooth alignment
2. Class 2 malocclusion: This type is distinguished by an “overbite” where the upper teeth are positioned in front of the lower teeth and exhibit significant overlapping
3. Class 3 malocclusion: This malocclusion is identified by an “underbite” or mandibular prognathism, which causes the lower jaw and front teeth to protrude beyond the upper teeth.
While most malocclusions can be successfully treated with appropriate orthodontic interventions, some may require a combination of orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery to enhance the relationship between the skeletal jaw structures.